Insulin Sensitivity in Children Born Small for Gestational Age (SGA)

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The Review of Diabetic Studies,2004,1,2,58-65.
Published:August 2004
Type:Review Article
Author(s) affiliations:

Caterina Geremia and Stefano Cianfarani

“Rina Balducci” Center of Pediatric Endocrinology, Department of Public Health and Cell Biology, Tor Vergata University, Via Montpellier 1, 00133 Rome, Italy.


In the past decade, several epidemiological studies have shown a relationship between intrauterine growth retardation and insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease in adulthood. Although the biological mechanisms underlying this association are still largely unknown, different explanatory hypotheses have been proposed. It seems likely that the various pathways may interact with each other, all contributing at different degrees to the development of the metabolic disturbances.