Diabetes and Impaired Glucose Regulation in First-Degree Relatives of Patients with Type 2 Diabetes in Isfahan, Iran: Prevalence and Risk Factors

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Abstract
The Review of Diabetic Studies,2007,4,3,169-176.
Published:November 2007
Type:Original Article
Authors:
Author(s) affiliations:

Masoud Amini1 and Mohsen Janghorbani1,2

1Isfahan Endocrine and Metabolism Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

2Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Abstract:

Objectives: The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of diabetes, impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), and impaired fasting glucose (IFG) in first-degree relatives (FDR) of people with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Methods: A cross-sectional study of FDR of type 2 diabetes patients was conducted between 2003 and 2005. A total of 2,368 FDR of type 2 diabetes outpatients aged 30-60 years (614 men and 1754 women) from Isfahan Endocrine and Metabolism Research Center (Iran) were examined. All subjects underwent a standard 75 g 2-h oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). IGT, IFG and type 2 diabetes were diagnosed according to the criteria of the American Diabetes Association (ADA). The mean (SD) age of participants was 43.1 (6.9) years. Results: The prevalence of type 2 diabetes, IGT and IFG were 10.3% (95% CI: 9.1-11.5), 19.5% (17.9-21.1) and 17.3% (15.8-18.8) respectively. The prevalence rates were significantly higher than those reported for a control population of the same age (type 2 diabetes, 6.0% (95% CI: 5.7-6.2) and IGT 9.6 (95% CI: 9.3-9.9)). IGT was more frequent among women (OR: 0.66; 95% CI: 0.51-0.87), whereas diabetes (OR: 1.31; 95% CI: 0.96-1.78) and IFG (OR: 1.41; 95% CI: 1.10-1.80) were higher in men. Multivariate analysis revealed that age and obesity or abdominal obesity were significantly associated with diabetes, IGT and IFG. Conclusion: FDR of people with type 2 diabetes in Iran are at higher risk of IGT and type 2 diabetes than the population at large. Risk increases with age and obesity. These findings may be useful for the identification of persons at risk of developing type 2 diabetes and strongly support the regular screening of FDR of type 2 diabetes patients.