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The Review of Diabetic Studies
The RDS (ISSN print 1613-6071, ISSN online 1614-0575) is published quarterly by the Lab & Life Press, 10 Anson Road #22-02, International Plaza, Singapore (079903). The copyright © 2004-2019 of all content published in The RDS is held by the Lab & Life Press, all rights reserved. No material published in this journal may be reprinted or reproduced otherwise (online, in electronic form, photographically etc.) in parts or as a whole without written permission from the publisher, the Lab & Life Press. Requests for reprints of copyrighted material should be addressed to the RDS Editorial Office.

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The copyright of the articles published in The RDS includes the exclusive right to publish, reproduce and distribute any material in print, online, and other forms (in parts or as a whole) and to translate them into other languages. Authors or any other third parties are not allowed to republish the article or to use the article as a whole or in parts for any other purpose, such as redistribution, republishing etc. Authors of articles published in The RDS must refer to The RDS (i.e. the Lab & Life Press) as the publisher of the original article in any case of further utilization (see the Copyright Agreement between the authors and the publisher online at

Resale of whole issues that were made available free of charge to legal entities, including scientific institutions or libraries, and private persons is prohibited. The scientific material in print and online that is made available free of charge remains within the property of the Lab & Life Press. We do not allow resale or redistribution for reselling purposes of whole issues that were received under these conditions. The place of jurisdiction for any legal affairs is Singapore.

Diabetes Open Directory
The Lab & Life Press also provides the Diabetes Open Directory, which will be created by their users and different editors. For copyright-protected material on this website, the submitting authors or other copyright holders retain rights for reproduction or redistribution. All persons reproducing or redistributing this information are expected to adhere to the terms and constraints invoked by the copyright holder. DOD itself places no restrictions on the use or distribution of the data contained therein. The Lab & Life Press is not in a position to assess the validity of claims regarding copyrights of DOD content and, therefore, cannot provide comment or unrestricted permission concerning the use, copying, or distribution of the information. Even if copyright status of documents, names, drugs, or any kind of data within the content of DOD is not spelled out clearly the existence of such rights must be considered when using it in any kind.

All entries made in the DOD occur on own responsibilities of the corresponding authors or addressers and are freely available to other users upon submission. Authors and addressers of contributions in the DOD declare upon submission their agreement that their contributions will be published in this manner. Users and members of the DOD declare their agreement to the terms of usage upon use. If a user/author submits a contribution to the DOD he/she declares approval that other users may respond to this contribution using entry forms (if available) or e-mail addresses of the author and that responds will be published in the directory.

The Lab & Life Press does not assume responsibility for contents from external authors within the DOD database. For documents and software available from this server, the Lab & Life Press does not warrant or assume any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed.

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Medical Information:
It is not the intention of the Lab & Life Press to provide specific medical advice but to provide users with information to a better understanding of the scientific advances about diabetes. To this end, the Lab & Life Press carries on the DOD database for accelerated distribution of diabetes-related information among the scientific community. Specific medical advice will not be provided, and the Lab & Life Press urges you to consult with a qualified physician for diagnosis and for answers to your personal questions.