The Frequency of Prediabetes and Contributing Factors in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease

Authors

  • Effat Razeghi, Mahshid Heydari Nephrology Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Peimaneh Heydarian Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Keywords:

prediabetes · impaired fasting glucose · impaired glucose tolerance · chronic kidney disease · metabolic syndrome · oral glucose tolerance test

Abstract

AIMS: Uremia is a prediabetic state, but abnormal glucose metabolism and relative risk factors in non-diabetic chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients are not studied extensively. This study aimed to evaluate prediabetes and contributing factors in patients with CKD. METHODS: We studied the frequency of prediabetes (defined as fasting plasma glucose 100-125 mg/dl and 2-h plasma glucose 140-199 mg/dl) and contributing risk factors in 91 (34 women and 57 men) nondiabetic CKD (GFR < 60) patients who were referred to Sina Hospital between November 2010 and November 2011. Impaired fasting glucose and impaired glucose tolerance were regarded as prediabetic state. RESULTS: Thirty-eight patients (41.8%), 28 male and 10 female, with mean age of 57.4 ± 17.1 yr, had prediabetes. Among these, 18.7% had impaired fasting glucose, 7.7% impaired glucose tolerance, and 15.4% combined impaired fasting glucose and impaired glucose tolerance. CKD patients with impaired glucose tolerance had more frequently hypertriglyceridemia (85.7% vs. 42.0%, p = 0.001), hypertension (66.6% vs. 31.4%, p = 0.004), and metabolic syndrome according to National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III (52.3% vs. 25.7%, p = 0.02). Also, mean systolic blood pressure (134.2 ± 13.9 vs. 124.5 ± 20.0, p = 0.004) was higher in CKD patients with impaired glucose tolerance compared to CKD patients with normal glucose. CONCLUSIONS: Prediabetes is a frequent condition in CKD patients. Also, hypertriglyceridemia and hypertension are more prevalent in prediabetic CKD patients than in non-diabetic CKD patients.

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Published

2023-08-12