Adenosine Monophosphate-Activated Protein Kinase (AMPK) as a New Target for Antidiabetic Drugs: A Review on Metabolic, Pharmacological and Chemical Considerations
Arie Gruzman, Gali Babai, Shlomo SassonDepartment of Pharmacology, School of Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, The Hebrew University, Jerusalem 91120, Israel
L6 rat myotube cultures were washed and received fresh medium supplemented with 2% (v/v) FCS, 23.0 mM D-glucose supplemented with 20 mM of D-xylose (D-xyl), 5 µM of Compound 19, 150 µM of Compound 21 or 50 µM of Compound 24. These compounds were present in the medium for 40 min, 12 h, 30 min and 2 h, respectively. Control myotubes received the vehicle (V) only. AICAR (4 mM), 100 nM of insulin (Ins) and 0.25 M of D-sorbitol (S) were present for 1h, 20 min and 30 min, respectively. Whole cell lysates were prepared and Western blot analyses were performed with antibodies against AMPKα and pThr172-AMPKα. B: Human myotubes were treated as described above and taken for Western blot analysis of AMPKα and pThr172-AMPKα. Representative blot and a summary of n = 3 (* p < 0.05) in comparison with the respective controls. Reproduced with permission from .
KeywordsWestern, AMPKα, myotubes,.
Rev Diabet Stud